When we raise funds, we create a pool of shares (in agreement with investors) for team members, so everyone in the company benefits financially from our success.
As a team member, you will receive stock options. Technically, you will receive BSCPE (short for “Bons de Souscription de Parts de Créateur d’Entreprise”), which is one of several possible French programs tailored to innovative companies.
Take some time to learn how it works and what it means.
Short version: your stock options might earn you money in the future. Whatever happens, it’s good news, and you have nothing to lose, but it’s essential to understand how it works to get the most out of it. It’s quite complex and surprising when you’re not used to how shares work.
You Are a Shareholder Too!
A company can have one or many shareholders. It’s usually divided into many shares.
If you have 100 shares in a company that’s cut into 1,000 shares, you’ll have 10% of that company.
A company such as OpenClassrooms has several shareholders:
Xavier Niel (NJJ Capital)
And now, everyone in the company can also have shares!
We have decided to give stock options to OpenClassrooms employees.
Most shares are distributed among all current and future OpenClassrooms employees as BSCPE.
How Much Are They Worth?
To keep it simple, we'll assume here that you just received 100 shares at 10€ each. This is not the actual value, but this is simple enough to do some calculations.
Now, let's see why it doesn't mean that you just won 1,000€!
What is a BSCPE?
A BSCPE (short for “Bon de Souscription de Parts de Créateur d’Entreprise”) is like receiving a little piece of paper that says, “Congratulations, you’ve got the right to buy company shares at this fixed price.”
Let’s say the price at the time of the allocation is 10€ per BSPCE received by the company. You’ll be able to transform your BSPCE into shares by buying them at 10€ for each one if you want to; but few people usually do it, because it means spending money (if you want 100 shares, you have to spend 1,000€).
However, it becomes more interesting later when some events may occur (explained further down), and the company is worth more than 10€ per share. Hypothetically, if it’s worth 50€ per BSPCE at the time you decide to use them, you’ll be able to transform your BSPCE into shares (without spending money), and you’ll get the difference. You’ll get (50 - 10) x 100 (number of bonds), which is 4,000€ in this example.
How to Use Them?
You have two options:
You can transform your BSPCE bonds into shares at any time by buying them at the price of the BSPCE at the time of their allocation. Once that’s done, you’ll be a shareholder of the company!
You can also wait for an exit event, which happens if the company goes public, is sold, or raises funds again. You will then be able to transform your BSPCE into shares and earn the increased value.
There are several conditions:
A 1-year cliff period: you can only use your BSPCE after a year, which is pretty standard in many companies. It helps avoid the extreme case of a person who works two days to get some shares and then leaves. Not that we expect this to happen, of course. 😉
A 4-year vesting period: you’ll have the right to subscribe part of your BSPCE (subscribe is legalese for actually getting the shares) every year for four years. This is an incentive to keep people long-term. In two years, you’ll have access to 50% of the shares, and in four years, 100% of them.
In case of exit, things accelerate: if the company is sold before the end of your vesting period, you’ll be able to subscribe 100% of your shares immediately, even if you’ve had BSPCE for less than four years. This is good news for you!
So, let me get this straight: I won 1,000€ today, is that right?
No. You’ve got the right to buy shares at a fixed value, which is 10€ per share, worth 1,000€ in our theoretical example (100 shares at 10€ per share). Again, this is just an example, not the real value. 😉
If conditions are met, you’ll be able to use them to receive and sell shares simultaneously at our next fundraising, if we go public, or if we sell the company.
You’ll get the difference between 10€ per share and the current share value when you want to sell them.
If everything goes well, your shares should be worth much more (x2, x3, x10, x20? anything is possible! 🦄). They could also be worthless: worst-case scenario, you’ll do nothing with them, but you won’t lose money either if you don’t subscribe.
Let’s talk money: how much can I earn?
It depends on the company value when you sell your shares. This little table should help you understand the scenarios better:
If OpenClassrooms is worth...
I’ll earn (rounded value)...
2 times more than the last fundraising...
100 times 🦄🦄🦄
Please remember these are not the exact values! It’s just an example.
Usually, investors want to see a 4x or 5x value difference, but they can make less (hey, even 0x!) and more (20x, 30x, and sometimes more in some rare cases).
Please note that you’ll have to pay taxes on your profits.
Who Is It For?
All full-time employees (permanent contract) get stock options!
Other employees (fixed-term contract, internships) will get stock options as soon as they become full- time “CDI” employees. Good news: the time you spent before your CDI won’t be lost because we’ll take it into account when calculating your vesting period!
Why Are You Doing This?
It’s something we’ve had in mind for a while. It’s a bit complex to do, which is why we used our latest fundraising to make it happen and to negotiate it with new investors.
There wasn’t a lot of debate, as everyone agreed it was a good idea.
Why? Because it aligns employees with the founders and investors. It’s a way to share the value we create together every day.
On the plus side, it can be a nice bonus for long-term employees and a way to attract new ones. We give some of our shares, but we think it’ll be better long-term.
Does This Mean OpenClassrooms Will Be Sold?
That’s always a possibility, but not a certainty. As soon as an investor joins a company, they will look for a way to sell their shares a few years later.
This can happen when:
A new investor joins the company during a future fundraising: they sell their shares to this new investor.
The company goes public. Everyone can buy some of the shares.
The company is sold to another company.
It’s not easy to say what’s going to happen because it depends on many things. We have no plans to sell the company and have already refused some offers in the past. We have a lot of criteria to consider, like how much the company would be worth, of course, and what the buyer would plan to do with it.