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Last updated on 4/2/20

Configure Babel

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Throughout this course, we have been using a lot of "next generation" JavaScript: some of it is ES6 (like  let ,  const , and arrow functions) and is fairly well supported since mid-2017, but some of it is even more futuristic and has poorer browser support (such as  async  functions). These features make our lives easier as developers, but we do need to make sure the end-user can use our awesome modern apps.

In walks Babel.

To put it simply, Babel converts next generation JavaScript into more browser-compatible JavaScript.  Let's start by installing the CLI to your project.

From your project directory, run:

npm install babel-cli babel-preset-env --save-dev

This installs Babel as a development dependency for our project. Now we need to configure it to do exactly what we need.

Create a file in your project directory called  .babelrc :

{
"presets": ["env"]
}

That's the only configuration Babel needs!  Let's ask Babel to transpile  scripts.js  and save the output to  scripts.babel.js :

npx babel scripts.js --out-file scripts.babel.js

Now if you open  scripts.babel.js , you will see that our code has been transformed! Try importing our new  js  file into index.html instead of  scripts.js  and see if it works.

Uh-oh, it seems something went wrong with our Babel transpilation!

It turns out it has to do with our use of async functions, but not to worry, there is a simple solution: the  babel-polyfill .

All we need to do is add the browser version of the  babel-polyfill  to our  index.html  to allow our async functions to work properly. Add the following line to  index.html :

<script src="./node_modules/babel-polyfill/browser.js"></script>

Now if you retest our app, everything should be functioning properly!

Summary

In this chapter, we covered:

  • how to install Babel and its dependencies to our project

  • how to configure Babel with  .babelrc

  • how to use the babel-polyfill to successfully use  async  functions

Using Babel has allowed us to produce far better backwards compatibility for our next generation JavaScript code. In the next and final chapter of this course, we are going to take a look at how we can integrate Babel into a full project build using Gulp.

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